What is Obesity?
Obesity is a medical condition in which the body has accumulated excess fat. Medical professionals are concerned about obesity because it can lead to chronic health diseases.
When medical professionals discuss obesity, they often use a calculation called the body mass index. This is a calculation using both a person’s height and weight to help determine how he compares to an appropriately targeted size. A normal body mass index lies between 18.5 to 24.9. A person is considered overweight if the body mass index is between 25 to 29.9. Obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 or greater, and morbid obesity is defined if the body mass index is 40 or greater.
Approximately two thirds of Americans are now considered to be overweight and approximately one-third of Americans are considered to be in the obese category.
Obesity and Chronic Health Conditions
Unfortunately, obesity can to several chronic health conditions. These health conditions include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and increased risk for stroke along with cardiac disease. It also increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, acid reflux, and several cancers.
As a result of the connection between obesity and the development chronic health conditions, there are serious implications in terms of the reduction of life expectancy.