Other Types of Diabetes
MODY is a less common form of diabetes. The acronym MODY stands for maturity diabetes onset of youth, and it’s now believed to be more common than previously understood. At its root MODY is a genetic problem, passed from parent to child with a high probability of inheritance. People with MODY either have a pancreas that is unable to adequately detect when blood sugars are rising or the body is not able to properly convert insulin and remove blood sugars from the body. In most cases, MODY can be well addressed.
LADA is a different and unique form of diabetes. The acronym of LADA, stands for latent autoimmune diabetes in adults. It is sometimes referred to as diabetes Type 1.5, because it is really a combination of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. People with LADA typically have a very slow-to-develop form of Type 1 diabetes. There is an autoimmune blood test that can show how a person’s immune system responds to an attack, which can help indicate whether insufficient insulin production has resulted from an overactive immune system. In people with LADA, in addition to insufficient insulin production, there is also some insulin resistance where the body is just not responding well to insulin, so there’s a combination of type 1 and type 2. It seems to be a slower-to-develop type 1, but also has a lot of characteristics of type 2.
About 10% of people with type 2 diabetes have LADA. It’s not often tested for, but when it is found and tested in the research setting, it tends to make up about 10%, which is a sizeable number. The treatment for LADA is the same as any treatment for diabetes. The physician would determine whether insulin or medications would best address the problem.